习近平: 明年改革工作计划这样做-

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习近平: 明年改革工作计划这样做
2014-12-11

(原标题: 习近平: 明年改革工作这样做)
亚博APP 2016年是“十三五”开局之年,做好改革工作是关系到全面建成小康社会全局的大事,习近平总书记12月9日主持召开的中央全面深化改革领导小组第十九次会议为明年改革工作指明了方向并做出了全面部署。请随“学习中国”小编一起学习如何做好明年的改革工作。

改革工作的目标

亚博APP mingnianshi“shisanwu”guihuashishidediyinian,kaihaojuqihaobu,bixujinjinweiraozheigezongmubiaotuijingexianggaigerenwu。xijinpingzongshuji12yue9rizaizhuchizhaokaizhongyangquanmianshenhuagaigelingdaoxiaozudishijiucihuiyishiqiangdiao: “mingnianshi‘shisanwu’kaijuzhinian,gexianggaigerenwu、zhidujiansheyaoxiangquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuizheigemubiaojujiao、xianggoujianfazhanxintizhijujiao,niuzhuguanjian,jingzhunfali,yanmingzeren,henzhualuoshi,quebaogexianggaigequdeyuqichengxiao。”

亚博APP quanmianjianshexiaokangshehuidemubiao,shiwomendangquedingde“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiaodediyigebainianfendoumubiao。dangdeshiliudashoucitichuquanmianjianshexiaokangshehuifendoumubiao,baogaozhichu: “genjushiwudatichudedaoer0yi0nian、jiandangyibainianhexinzhongguochengliyibainiandefazhanmubiao,womenyaozaibenshijitouershinian,jizhongliliang,quanmianjianshehuijishijiyirenkoudegenggaoshuipingdexiaokangshehui,shijingjigengjiafazhan、minzhugengjiajianquan、kejiaogengjiajinbu、wenhuagengjiafanrong、shehuigengjiahexie、renminshenghuogengjiayinshi。”dangdeshiqidabaogaozhichu: “womenyijingchaozheshiliudaquelidequanmianjianshexiaokangshehuidemubiaomaichulejianshibufa,jinhouyaojixunulifendou,quebaodaoer0er0nianshixianquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuidefendoumubiao。”dangdeshibadabaogaozhichu: “womenyaozhunquepanduanzhongyaozhanlvejiyuqineihanhetiaojiandebianhua,quanmianbawojiyu,chenzheyingduitiaozhan,yingdezhudong,yingdeyoushi,yingdeweilai,quebaodaoerlingerlingnianshixianquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuihongweimubiao。”2012nian11yue29ri,xijinpingzaicanguan《fuxingzhilu》zhanlanshiqiangdiao: “wojianxin,daozhongguogongchandangchengli100nianshiquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuidemubiaoyidingnengshixian,daoxinzhongguochengli100nianshijianchengfuqiangminzhuwenminghexiedeshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiademubiaoyidingnengshixian,zhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdemengxiangyidingnengshixian。”

改革工作的思路

silujuedingchulu。libuqingsilu,jiucaibuzhunjiaobu,wanbuchengrenwu。zhongyangquanmianshenhuagaigelingdaoxiaozudishijiucihuiyizhichu: “mingniangaigegongzuodezongtisilushi,xiediaotuijinsanzhong、sizhong、wuzhongquanhuibushudegaigejucuo,jianchi‘sigequanmian’zhanlvebuju,guancheluoshichuangxin、xiediao、lvse、kaifang、gongxiangdefazhanlinian,tuchuwentidaoxiang,tuchujingzhunfali,tuchuwanshanzhidu,tuchuduchaluoshi,bajuyoubiaozhixing、yinlingxingdezhongdiangaigerenwuzhuazaishoushang,zhudongchuji,tieshenjinbi。buguanshiluoshiyichutaidegaige,haishituichuxindegaigejucuo,dougengjiaxuyaopijingzhanjideyongqi,gengjiaxuyaoyongwangzhiqiandeyili,gengjiaxuyaoleilifengxingdezuofeng。”

亚博APP sanzhong、sizhong、wuzhongquanhuibushudegaigejucuo,neirongfengfuyiyizhongda,yaobazheixiejucuonarugaigerenwuzongtaizhang,zaiquanmianshenhuagaigeyouxutuijindeqingkuangxiayuxindegaigeneirongxingchengticixianjie、xiediaotuijin,zuodaoyitibushu、yitiluoshi,yitiduban。sancihuiyi,sanfenwenjian,meiyifenwenjiandoubaohanzhedaliangjutidegaigejucuo。2014nian8yue18ri,zhongyangshengaizudisicihuiyitongguole《dangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhuizhongyaogaigejucuoshishiguihua(2014-2020nian)》。xijinpingzhichu: “dangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhuizhongyaogaigejucuoshishiguihua(2014-2020nian),duiweilai7niandegaigeshishigongzuozuochuzhengtianpai,tuchulemeixianggaigejucuodegaigelujing、chengguoxingshi、shijianjindu,shizhidaojinhouyigeshiqigaigedezongshigongtuhezongtaizhang。”zhongyangshengaizudishiyicihuiyitongguole《dangdeshibajiesizhongquanhuizhongyaojucuoshishiguihua(2015-2020nian)》。huiyizhichu,dangdeshibajiesizhongquanhuizhongyaojucuoshishiguihua(2015-2020nian),shijinhouyigeshiqituijinquanmianyifazhiguodezongshigongtuhezongtaizhang。2015nian11yue9ri,zhongyangshengaizudishibacihuiyizhichu: “duiwuzhongquanhuitichudegaigerenwu,yaonarugaigetaizhang,youzhongyangquanmianshenhuagaigelingdaoxiaozutongchoubushu、tuidongluoshi。yaotongchouzhuahaodangdeshibajiesanzhong、sizhong、wuzhongquanhuibushudegaigerenwu,shixianticijiexu、qianhouxianjie、zongshentuijin”。

亚博APP dangdeshibajiewuzhongquanhui,ba“sigequanmian”zhanlvebujunaru“shisanwu”shiqiwoguofazhandezhidaosixiang,biaozhizhe“sigequanmian”zhanlvebujuyichengweishixian“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiaoheshixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingzhongguomengdelilunzhidaoheshijianzhinan。cong“sigequanmian”zhanlvebujudeneihankan,“quanmianshenhuagaige”、“quanmiantuijinyifazhiguo”yu“quanmiancongyanzhidang”doushishixian“quanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui”zheiyizhanlvemubiaodezhanlvejucuo,fenbieweiquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuitigongdongliyuanquan、fazhibaozhanghezhengzhibaozheng, “shisanwu”guihuayejiangshiweiraoshixianzheigefendoumubiaolaizhidingde。

亚博APP chuangxin、xiediao、lvse、kaifang、gongxiangdewudafazhanlinian,shiwoguoweilaiwuniannaizhigengzhangshijiandefazhanlinian。“shisanwu”guihuajianyitichu: “shixian‘shisanwu’shiqifazhanmubiao,pojiefazhannanti,houzhifazhanyoushi,bixulaogushulichuangxin、xiediao、lvse、kaifang、gongxiangdefazhanlinian。”xijinpingzhichu: “zheiwudafazhanlinian,shi‘shisanwu’naizhigengzhangshiqiwoguofazhansilu、fazhanfangxiang、fazhanzhelidiandejizhongtixian,yeshigaigekaifang30duonianlaiwoguofazhanjingyandejizhongtixian,fanyingchuwomendangduiwoguofazhanguilvdexinrenshi。”

改革工作的关键

亚博APP “yifenbushu,jiufenluoshi。”gaigededingcengshejizhongyao,danluodishengengengzhongyao。quanmianshenhuagaigeguanjianzailuoshizeren,genbenzaiganyudandang,yaozhudongchengdanzhutizeren,zhenduigaigefangan,nachujuticuoshi,xingchengshishizaizaidegongzuozhicheng。zhongyangquanmianshenhuagaigelingdaoxiaozudishijiucihuiyizhichu: “gaigegongzuonengbunengluoshidaowei,luoshizerenshiguanjian。yaozhuahaobumenhedifanglianggezerenzhuti,bagaigezerenlijiedaowei、luoshidaowei,yizecuxing、yizewenxiao,zhuajinzhuashigaigefanganzhiding、pinggu、ducha、luoshidenggegehuanjie,zuodaoquanchenggenjin、quanchengfuze、yizhuadaodi。yaoxingchengshangxiaguantong、cengcengfuzedezhutizerenliantiao,jianquannengdingze、kezhuizekaohejizhi,tiaotiaoxiandouyaolazhibengjin。difanggejidangweiduibendiqugaigerenwuchengdanzhutizeren,dangweishujijiyaoqinzizhuagaigebushu,youyaoqinzizhuagaigeduban,yijizhuayiji,cengcengchuandaoyali,quebaogaigefanganluodishenggen。”

亚博APP shenhuagaigelibukaibumenhedifanglianggezerenzhuti。chengdanqiantourenwudeyouguanbumenyaodinghaofangxiang,huahaodixian,henzhualuoshiyuducha,yaoqieshidanfuqigaigecuoshiluodidezeren,jijizhudongxiangfashefadatonggaigede“zuihouyigongli”。gedifangjieheshiji,yindizhiyi,jianchiwentidaoxiang,tigaogaigefanganzhiliang,zhuahaogaigebushudejutiluoshi,bagaigezuoshenzuoxizuoshi,xingchengshangxialiangxinghudong、gegehuanjiequanmianxingdongdejumian。

yaozhuazhuluoshizhutizerenzheige“niubizi”,ranggejidangweichengdangaigecuoshiluoshidanzhutizeren。luoshizhutizerenbushijiandanbiaotai、bunengwuxu,bixuwushi。zhiyougejidangweiqieshiqianghualezerendandang,dangweishujizhenzhengchengweidiyizerenren,bazhongyangtichude“jiyaoqinzizhuagaigebushu,youyaoqinzizhuagaigeduban,yijizhuayiji,cengcengchuandaoyali”deyaoqiudaitouzuoqilai、zuodaowei,cainengqieshijiaqiangdangduigaigegongzuodequanmianlingdao,chongfenfahuigejidangzuzhituijingaigebuduanshenhuadedaidongzuoyong。

强化对改革工作的督察

qianghuaduigaigedequanchengdubanducha,shizhuagaigeluoshideyoulijucuo,shizhudongyouxutuijingaigedeyouxiaoxingdong,shichuandaozerenheyali、baquanmianshenhuagaigejinyibuyinxiangshenrudezhongyaofangfa。zhongyangquanmianshenhuagaigelingdaoxiaozudishijiucihuiyizhichu: “yaoqianghuaduchazhineng,jianquanduchajizhi,genghaofahuiduchazaidatongguanjie、shutongdudian、tigaozhiliangzhongdezuoyong。duiyijingchutaidegaigefanganyaopaiduiducha,zhongdianducujianchafanganluoshi、gongzuoluoshi、zerenluoshideqingkuang,faxianwentiyaojishiliechuqingdan、mingquezeren、guazhangzhenggai。yaojiaqiangduigejiganbutuijingaigeqingkuangdelejie,jiadagaigeshijikaohequanzhong,xingchengguligaige、zhichigaigezhengqueyongrendaoxiang。”

gaigeconglaibushiyifanfengshundeshiqing,jingchanghuizaoyugengzu。yaoyonghaoduchazheijianxiaochu“zhonggengzu”deliqi,pojiegaigejiaozhejumian,tigaogaigeluoshidexiaolvhezhiliang。xijinpingzaizhuchizhaokaizhongyangquanmianshenhuagaigelingdaoxiaozudishicihuiyishiqiangdiao: “chulihaogaige‘zuixianyigongli’he‘zuihouyigongli’deguanxi,tupo‘zhonggengzu’,fangzhibuzuowei,bagaigefangandehanjinliangchongfenzhanshichulai,rangrenminqunzhongyougengduohuodegan。”


改革方案出台后,最重要的问题就是改革方案“落地”。方案落实过程中存在着形形色色的问题和障碍。如阻挠改革推进的问题、选择性落实象征性执行问题、侵占国家利益、侵害群众利益等问题。推动各项改革举措落地生根,就要着力解决这些突出问题。中央全面深化改革领导小组第九次会议强调: “要深入开展督察工作,对存在的问题及时指出纠正,对需要调整完善的改革方案及时分析研究,努力使各项改革都能适应党和国家事业发展要求,都能满足人民群众愿望和期待。” 2014年,中央改革办成立督察局,专司改革方案督检之责。各地也要加强对改革方案落实的督办督察工作。通过督察,对改革进行阶段性评估,及时跟踪研判,并不断完善改革方案,使改革更接地气、更有实效。

亚博APP “shisanwu”guihuadedamujijianglakai,guanjianzhinianyaozouhaoguanjianyibu,rangwomenrenzhunmubiao,liqingsilu,zhuazhuguanjian,tizhenjingshen,zhenzhuashigan,yongshijixingdongjiaochuquanmianshenhuagaigedeyouyidajuan。


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